センター英語の過去問+詳しい解説

2019年度 センター英語 追試験 第5問 問題&解説

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Z会の教室で15年英語講師をしていた重田真人です。
中1から高3の基礎クラスから東大クラスまでほとんどのクラスを担当しました。映像授業にも多数出演しています。
元東海大非常勤講師。
「センター英語解く得!」は最高PV数 34,212 / 日まで成長。
質・量ともに日本一分かりやすいセンター英語対策ページを目指します!
資格:英検一級、通訳案内士(英語)、TOEIC950点
趣味:海外旅行、食べ歩き
特技:将棋アマ六段 (全国レーティング選手権優勝 1998)
詳しいプロフィールはこちら

2019年センター英語の追試験は物語でなく、超長文のブログ。ブログなのに写真が一枚もないというのが不思議ですが。。

読み飛ばしできる段落はありますが、取捨選択が難しく初めて見る人はやりづらかったかもと思います。(解いた後の感想が分かれそうな問題でした)

1. 2019年度 センター英語 追試験 第5問 問題

News from the Town of Sunnyside | By Naomi Kendall
★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★
Dance to Your Heart’s Content | January 19, 2019
★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★★

Last night we held Sunnyside’s 5th annual “Dance to Your Heart’s Content” event!

We had called for performers from the first grade of elementary school and above, and five dance teams registered, with one barely meeting the age requirement. As one of the organizers, I wasn’t sure whether this year’s event would be successful or not. There had been some problems with advertising and costumes. One of our members had designed a fantastic poster showing pictures of dancers from the past four years. However, we didn’t pass out the copies to the neighboring towns until a few days before the event. We didn’t know how many people would attend. The costumes were another problem because all of the teams were required to make their own. The flamenco team’s dresses were complicated to make, and we weren’t sure the robot-dancing team could make their costumes by themselves. Even though it was supposed to be fun, I really wasn’t looking forward to the event.

With all these worries, the event began. The hip-hop team made its running entrance with lots of fast jumps. I was afraid that they would run into each other. The leader was the high school art teacher, Mr. Nakamura, and his original music is one reason the hip-hop team has gained popularity in the community during the past two years. The only way to hear his music is at his live performances. His fans have often asked him when they will be able to listen to his music at home, so in response, Mr. Nakamura said he will have a special gift for the audience at his next performance.

After this thrilling exhibition, the Hawaiian hula dance team gave us a chance to cool down. In pale blue and green dresses paired with pink flower necklaces, the hula team sometimes looked like a wave as they moved from side to side. At other times, they moved as if they were floating on a light breeze. Just watching them dance made me feel like I was on vacation.

The three-person classical ballet team was next with their love story in dance form. Both the bakery employee Peggy and the garden shop owner Olivia performed elegant leaps and spins designed to win the love of Sunnyside’s librarian, Tim. The performance ended with a question as Tim looked at the two women, wondering which one he should choose. They have kept the answer a secret but promised to reveal everything next week by posting it on their blogs.

The sister-and-brother robot-dancing team had finally become old enough to participate. They were so excited that they couldn’t keep still while they were waiting for their turn. When I saw the shiny silver masks and bodies that the brother and sister made from various boxes, I wondered if there was any aluminum foil left in their parents’ kitchen. I was impressed because their precise movements almost made me forget that they were human. They told me that they will show anyone their dance moves next Friday… after they do their homework.

Last but not least, the bright and colorful flamenco team set the stage on fire. I’m sure the audience enjoyed watching the exciting dance that displayed their handmade flamenco dresses. Even though a couple of the dancers dropped their hats, the audience clapped enthusiastically.

Later, we went straight to the after-party. I felt relieved that, despite a few small problems, the event had gone according to plan. At the party, I had a chance to talk to some people from the audience, and I could feel my smile getting bigger and bigger as I listened to them. I can’t wait until next year’s event!

I’m looking forward to your comments about this event and my post!

問1 Which of the following will most likely be Mr. Nakamura’s gift? ( 41 ).

①A class on music composition
②A collection of his music
③A handmade costume
④An invitation to his next concert

問2 Which of the following is closest to the meaning of the underlined phrase cool down? ( 42 )

①become calm
②lose motivation
③manage temperature
④turn cold

問3 The audience can find out about the ending of the ballet love story by ( 43 ).

①asking any team member at their workplace
②checking a team member’s personal website
③looking at the voting results found online
④reading a poster about it in the library

問4 The robot-dancing team members were ( 44 ).

①first-time performers in the event
②giving dancing lessons at the party
③two brothers from a junior high school
④wearing costumes made by their parents

問5 As one of the event organizers, how did the author feel about the outcome? ( 45 )

①Disappointed with the preparation
②Interested in how she can improve it
③Satisfied with how things turned out
④Uncertain of the future of the event

 

 

 2. 2019年度 センター英語 追試験 第5問 物語 解説

2-1 第5問 問1 (41) の解説

問1 Which of the following will most likely be Mr. Nakamura’s gift? ( 41 ).

①A class on music composition 作曲の授業
②A collection of his music 彼の音楽を集めたもの
③A handmade costume 手作りの衣装
④An invitation to his next concert 彼の次のコンサートの招待状

中村先生の話が出てくるのはようやく第三段落。(結果的に第二段落は読み飛ばし可能)

With all these worries, the event began. The hip-hop team made its running entrance with lots of fast jumps. I was afraid that they would run into each other. The leader was the high school art teacher, Mr. Nakamura, and his original music is one reason the hip-hop team has gained popularity in the community during the past two years. The only way to hear his music is at his live performances. His fans have often asked him when they will be able to listen to his music at home, so in response, Mr. Nakamura said he will have a special gift for the audience at his next performance.

高校教師の中村先生のオリジナル曲のおかげでヒップホップのチームは過去2年間人気。彼の音楽は彼のライブパフォーマンスでしか聞けない。彼のファンは彼の音楽を家でも聞けけるかしばしば尋ねる。

中村先生は次のパフォーマンスで聴衆に特別な贈り物をすると言っている。

ということで贈り物は中村先生のオリジナル曲。正解は②。

2-2 第5問 問2 (42) の解説

意味類推問題。今回は易しめで、本文を見なくても解けそうだが、定跡どおりその下線部が引かれた文全体に目を通すようにしよう。

問2 Which of the following is closest to the meaning of the underlined phrase cool down? ( 42 )

①become calm 落ち着く
②lose motivation モチベーションを失う
③manage temperature 体温を管理する
④turn cold 冷たくなる

After this thrilling exhibition, the Hawaiian hula dance team gave us a chance to cool down.

スリル満点のショーの後で、ハワイアンフラダンスのチームは私達にcool down する機会を与えてくれた。

熱くなっていた観客がクールになるということだから正解は①。

 

 

2-3 第5問 問3 (43) の解説

問3 The audience can find out about the ending of the ballet love story by ( 43 ).

①asking any team member at their workplace

彼らの職場でチームメンバーに尋ねること

②checking a team member’s personal website

チームメンバー個人のウェブサイトを確認すること

③looking at the voting results found online

インターネット上にある投票結果を見ること

④reading a poster about it in the library

図書館でそれについてのポスターを読むこと

ballet love story に該当するのは第5段落。

The three-person classical ballet team was next with their love story in dance form. Both the bakery employee Peggy and the garden shop owner Olivia performed elegant leaps and spins designed to win the love of Sunnyside’s librarian, Tim. The performance ended with a question as Tim looked at the two women, wondering which one he should choose. They have kept the answer a secret but promised to reveal everything next week by posting it on their blogs.

図書館員がTimがパン屋の店員のPeggyと園芸店の店員のOlivaのどちらを選ぶには(ショーの中では)秘密のままだったが、最終文に「次週にブログに投稿することにより全てを明らかにすると約束した」とあるので正解は②。

 

 

2-4 第5問 問4 (44) の解説 

問4 The robot-dancing team members were ( 44 ).

①first-time performers in the event

このイベントで初めての公演だった。

②giving dancing lessons at the party

パーティーでダンスのレッスンをしていた。

③two brothers from a junior high school

中学生の二人の兄弟であった。

④wearing costumes made by their parents

両親によって作られた衣装を着ていた。

The sister-and-brother robot-dancing team had finally become old enough to participate. They were so excited that they couldn’t keep still while they were waiting for their turn. When I saw the shiny silver masks and bodies that the brother and sister made from various boxes, I wondered if there was any aluminum foil left in their parents’ kitchen. I was impressed because their precise movements almost made me forget that they were human. They told me that they will show anyone their dance moves next Friday… after they do their homework.

robot dancing team に該当するのは第6段落。

最初の文で決まり。

「その姉と弟のロボットダンスのチームはついに参加できる年齢になった。」とある。なので初参加のはず。正解は①。ちなみに第2段落の冒頭で

We had called for performers from the first grade of elementary school and above, and five dance teams registered, with one barely meeting the age requirement.

私帯は小学校1年生以上のパフォーマーを呼びかけ、5つのダンスチームが登録したが、その1つはかろうじて年齢要件を満たしていた。

とあるので彼らは小学校1年生。かろうじて年齢要件を満たしていたのは彼らのこと。

②は記述なし。③は小学生だし、兄弟というのも☓。

④は本文から自分たちが作ったことが分かる。

 

 

2-5 第5問 問5 (45) の解説  

問5 As one of the event organizers, how did the author feel about the outcome? ( 45 )

①Disappointed with the preparation

準備にがっかりした。

②Interested in how she can improve it

彼女がそれをどのように改善できるかに関心がある。

③Satisfied with how things turned out

結果に満足した

④Uncertain of the future of the event

イベントの将来に確信がなかった。

定番の問題。本文を読まなくても解けるは大げさ?

根拠が分かりやすいのは第8段落。

Later, we went straight to the after-party. I felt relieved that, despite a few small problems, the event had gone according to plan. At the party, I had a chance to talk to some people from the audience, and I could feel my smile getting bigger and bigger as I listened to them. I can’t wait until next year’s event!

I’m looking forward to your comments about this event and my post!

「小さな問題はあったが、イベントは計画通り進み、観客と話すごとに笑みが増した。来年のイベントまで待ちきれない。」

ポジティブな感想だらけで正解は③であることは明白。

第2段落と第7段落はほぼ設問に絡んでいませんね。これだけ長い文だとこういうことはありがちです。

しげT

 

 

この記事を書いている人 - WRITER -
アバター
Z会の教室で15年英語講師をしていた重田真人です。
中1から高3の基礎クラスから東大クラスまでほとんどのクラスを担当しました。映像授業にも多数出演しています。
元東海大非常勤講師。
「センター英語解く得!」は最高PV数 34,212 / 日まで成長。
質・量ともに日本一分かりやすいセンター英語対策ページを目指します!
資格:英検一級、通訳案内士(英語)、TOEIC950点
趣味:海外旅行、食べ歩き
特技:将棋アマ六段 (全国レーティング選手権優勝 1998)
詳しいプロフィールはこちら







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