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【共通テスト 英語 試行テスト】H29年(2017年) 第4問 問題と詳しい解説

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Z会の教室で15年英語講師をしていた重田真人です。
中1から高3の基礎クラスから東大クラスまでほとんどのクラスを担当しました。映像授業にも多数出演しています。
元東海大非常勤講師。
「センター英語解く得!」は最高PV数 34,212 / 日まで成長。
質・量ともに日本一分かりやすいセンター英語対策ページを目指します!
資格:英検一級、通訳案内士(英語)、TOEIC950点
趣味:海外旅行、食べ歩き
特技:将棋アマ六段 (全国レーティング選手権優勝 1998)
詳しいプロフィールはこちら

1. 大学入試共通テスト 試行テスト H29年実施 第4問ー 問題

In class, everyone wrote a report based on the two graphs below. You will now read the reports written by Ami and Greg.


A survey was given to people between the ages of 13 and 29. To answer the question in Graph 2, the participants were able to choose more than one reason.


Ami Kitamura

 I was surprised when I saw Graph 1 because the percentage of Japanese participants who are interested in volunteering was higher than I had expected. As far as I know, none of my friends are doing any volunteer activities. So, I think we should motivate students in Japan to do more volunteering.

 In order to do that, it’s important to consider the merits of doing volunteer work. According to Graph 2, 65.4% of Japanese participants said they are interested in volunteering because they want to help people in need. Also, the percentage of Japanese participants who chose “To meet new people” was the highest among the four countries.

 I think more Japanese students should learn about the benefits of volunteering. Thus, for the school festival I plan to make a poster that says, “You can help people in need and make new friends at the same time!” I hope many students will see it and become more interested in volunteer work.


Greg Taylor

 In the USA, volunteering is common, so I was not surprised that it has the highest percentage of people who are interested in volunteer work. Graph 2 shows that a lot of American participants answered they are interested in volunteer work because they want to help people in need. I think this reason is important because students would feel a sense of achievement by helping people.

 However, I was shocked to see that only 35.1% of Japanese participants are interested in volunteer work. I thought it would be more common in Japan. According to the information in Graph 2, only a few participants in Japan recognize the advantages for school and work. I recently heard Japanese universities and companies now put more value on volunteer experience than before. If more students understand these advantages, I think their interest in volunteering will increase.

 Students should do volunteer work for the following two reasons. First, helping people in need will give students a feeling of accomplishment. Second, volunteering will also provide them with advantages for their future career. Therefore, I will compose a newsletter about these two benefits of doing volunteer work, and distribute it to students at school.

問1 ( 20 ) felt that the percentage of Japanese participants who were interested in volunteer work was lower than expected.

①Ami

②Both Ami and Greg

③Greg

④Neither Ami nor Greg

問2 Both Ami and Greg say that Japanese students should ( 21 ).

①discuss the benefits of volunteer work with students from other countries

②focus on studying and then consider doing volunteer work after graduating

③know that doing volunteer work has good effects on those who do it

④realize that volunteer work is becoming popular in other countries

問3 Neither Ami nor Greg mentioned “( 22 )” in their reports.

①To gain advantages for school and work

②To help people in need

③To make my community better

④To meet new people

問4 In their reports, Ami says she will [ a ] and Greg says he will [ b ]. ( 23 )

①a. give a survey b. make a speech

②a. give a survey b. write a newsletter

③a. make a poster b. make a speech

④a. make a poster b. write a newsletter

問5 You found four articles on the Internet. Based on the titles below, the most useful article for both Ami’s and Greg’s plans would be “( 24 )”.

①Differences between Volunteer Work and Community Service

②How to Make Friends while Volunteering Abroad

③Supporting People in Need through Volunteer Work

④Volunteer Experiences and Your Future Career

 

 

2. 大学入試共通テスト 試行テスト H29年実施 第4問ー 解答、解説

4 問1の解答、解説

問1 ( 20 ) felt that the percentage of Japanese participants who were interested in volunteer work was lower than expected.

( 20 )は、ボランティア活動に興味を持っている日本の参加者の割合が予想より低いと感じた。

①Ami

②Both Ami and Greg

③Greg

④Neither Ami nor Greg

 

まずアミは第1段落で「ボランティア活動に興味を持っている日本の参加者の割合が予想より高いので驚いた」のあるのでアミは該当しません。

 I was surprised when I saw Graph 1 because the percentage of Japanese participants who are interested in volunteering was higher than I had expected. As far as I know, none of my friends are doing any volunteer activities. So, I think we should motivate students in Japan to do more volunteering.

一方でGregは第二段落の冒頭にこう述べています

 However, I was shocked to see that only 35.1% of Japanese participants are interested in volunteer work. I thought it would be more common in Japan.

「ボランティアに興味追いつかのある日本人はわずか35.1%だとわかってショックを受けた。日本ではもっと普通の事と思っていた」とあるので「ボランティア活動に興味を持っている日本の参加者の割合が予想より低かった」に該当します。

よってグレッグのみが当てはまる③が正解。

4 問2の解答、解説

問2 Both Ami and Greg say that Japanese students should ( 21 ).

アミとグレッグは両者とも、日本の学生は( 21 )べきだと言っている。

①discuss the benefits of volunteer work with students from other countries

他の国々の学生とボランティア活動の利点を話し合う

②focus on studying and then consider doing volunteer work after graduating

勉強に集中し、卒業後にボランティア活動をすることを考慮する

③know that doing volunteer work has good effects on those who do it

ボランティア活動をすることはそれをする人に良い影響を与える事を知る

④realize that volunteer work is becoming popular in other countries

ボランティア活動が他の国々でも人気になりつつあることを理解する

 

アミは第三段落の第1文でこう言っています。

 I think more Japanese students should learn about the benefits of volunteering.

「もっと多くの日本人学生はボランティアの利点に付いて知るべきだと思う。」

またグレッグは、

I recently heard Japanese universities and companies now put more value on volunteer experience than before. If more students understand these advantages, I think their interest in volunteering will increase.

「最近日本の大学も企業も以前よりもボランティア活動に価値を置くようになったと聞いた。もっと多くの学生がこの利点に気づけば、彼らのボランティアに対する興味は増えると思う。」

とあるので彼もボランティアの利点を述べている。よって③が正解。

①、②、④は両者ともに述べていないのでわかりやすく不正解ですね。

しげT

4 問3の解答、解説

問3 Neither Ami nor Greg mentioned “( 22 )” in their reports.

アミもグレッグのどちらも彼らの報告で ( 22 ) についてを述べていない。

①To gain advantages for school and work 学校や仕事にメリットがあること

②To help people in need 困っている人を助けること

③To make my community better コミュニティをより良くすること

④To meet new people 新しい人と出会うこと

 

両者の文の中にcommunity という単語は出てこないので③が正解。

①はグレッグの意見。問2で説明した部分ですね。

②は問5にも関連しますが、どちらも述べています。

④はアミの意見。第二段落の最後でそのまま “To meet new people” が見つかります。

Also, the percentage of Japanese participants who chose “To meet new people” was the highest among the four countries.

どちらも述べていない意見なので、どちらかでも述べている意見は不正解ですよ。

しげT

4 問4の解答、解説

問4 In their reports, Ami says she will [ a ] and Greg says he will [ b ]. ( 23 )

彼らの報告で、アミは[ a ]すると言い、グレッグは[ b ]すると言っている。

①a. give a survey 調査をする b. make a speech スピーチをする

②a. give a survey 調査をする b. write a newsletter ニュースレターを書く

③a. make a poster ポスターを作る b. make a speech スピーチをする

④a. make a poster ポスターを作る b. write a newsletter ニュースレターを書く 

 

I think more Japanese students should learn about the benefits of volunteering. Thus, for the school festival I plan to make a poster that says, “You can help people in need and make new friends at the same time!” I hope many students will see it and become more interested in volunteer work.

アミは第三段落で”I plan to make a poster” という表現があるのでポスター。

Students should do volunteer work for the following two reasons. First, helping people in need will give students a feeling of accomplishment. Second, volunteering will also provide them with advantages for their future career. Therefore, I will compose a newsletter about these two benefits of doing volunteer work, and distribute it to students at school.

グレッグは第三段落で”I will compose a newsletter” と言っているのでニュースレターが正解。

4 問5の解答、解説

問5 You found four articles on the Internet. Based on the titles below, the most useful article for both Ami’s and Greg’s plans would be “( 24 )”.

あなたはインターネット上で4つの記事を見つけた。以下のタイトルに基づき、アミとグレッグの計画の両方にとって最も役に立つ記事は( 24 )だろう。

①Differences between Volunteer Work and Community Service ボランティア活動と地域社会への奉仕との違い

②How to Make Friends while Volunteering Abroad

海外でボランティアをしながら友達を作る方法

③Supporting People in Need through Volunteer Work

ボランティア活動を通じて助けが必要な人々を支援すること

④Volunteer Experiences and Your Future Career

ボランティア経験と将来の職業

 

第三段落でアミが作るポスターにはYou can help people in need 〜 と書くとある。

またグレッグは第三段落でボランティアをやる理由として”helping people in need will give students a feeling of accomplishment.” をあげている。

両者とも「助けが必要な人を助ける」のをボランティアの目的に挙げているので③が正解。

表が2つもあるのに、ほぼどの設問に絡まないのは不満ですね。

しげT

 

 

この記事を書いている人 - WRITER -
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Z会の教室で15年英語講師をしていた重田真人です。
中1から高3の基礎クラスから東大クラスまでほとんどのクラスを担当しました。映像授業にも多数出演しています。
元東海大非常勤講師。
「センター英語解く得!」は最高PV数 34,212 / 日まで成長。
質・量ともに日本一分かりやすいセンター英語対策ページを目指します!
資格:英検一級、通訳案内士(英語)、TOEIC950点
趣味:海外旅行、食べ歩き
特技:将棋アマ六段 (全国レーティング選手権優勝 1998)
詳しいプロフィールはこちら







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