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【共通テスト 英語 試行テスト】H29年(2017年) 第6問 問題と詳しい解説

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1. 大学入試共通テスト 試行テスト H29年実施 第6問 ー 問題

You are writing a review of the story, “Oscar’s Camp Canyon Experience,” in class.

Oscar’s Camp Canyon Experience

 Twelve-year-old Oscar has just finished a wonderful week at Camp Canyon. He had the time of his life — making new friends, developing new skills, and discovering a love for science among many other things. And Oscar learned an important lesson: Sometimes, when faced with a difficult situation, it’s best just to let it go. He learned, too, that things are not always what they seem.

 Camp Canyon is a summer camp for boys and girls from eight to sixteen. In the U.S., there are many kinds of camps. Often, kids focus on particular skills or learn values from religious books and traditions. Camp Canyon, though, is different. Its main aim is for the kids to discover for themselves how to deal with difficult situations using ideas based on the importance of communication and mutual respect. During their week at the camp, the kids develop their powers of judgment and sense of right and wrong— all while having fun swimming, playing games, and doing hands-on science and nature projects.

 This was Oscar’s second summer at Camp Canyon, and he enjoyed showing newcomers around. On the first day, he introduced himself to Dylan, a boy of his age attending the camp for the first time. Oscar spent a lot of time helping Dylan get used to his new circumstances, and they quickly became close friends. They both enjoyed playing video games and climbing trees, and at the camp they discovered a shared love of Gaga Ball, a form of dodgeball. Oscar and Dylan played Gaga Ball until they were exhausted, throwing the ball at the other kids and screaming with laughter. Afterward, sitting on their bunk beds, they would talk for hours about their home and school lives, and how much they were enjoying Camp Canyon.

 One of the other campers was a boy named Christopher. Initially, Christopher seemed like a well-behaved, fun-loving boy. Oscar couldn’t wait to get to know him. However, it wasn’t long before Christopher’s behavior started to change. He didn’t bother to make his bed. He left games and other belongings lying around on the floor. He was inconsiderate and self-centered. And he was mean, as Oscar and Dylan soon found out.

 “Dylan didn’t brush his teeth. And he’s smelly! He didn’t take a shower today,” shouted Christopher at breakfast, making sure all the other kids could hear.

 Oscar and Dylan were shocked to hear Christopher’s comments. Oscar had always tried his hardest to make everyone feel welcome. Christopher seemed to take great delight in saying things that upset the other two boys. He even pushed in front of Oscar when they were lining up for lunch. He just laughed when Oscar angrily protested.

 Oscar consulted the camp counselor about their problems with Christopher. She gave Christopher a strong warning, but, if anything, his behavior got worse. The other kids just kept out of his way, determined not to let anything spoil their fun activities at camp.

 One of these activities was a discussion session with a science teacher. Although Oscar had shown little interest in science at school, this was something he really enjoyed at the camp. The kids talked with the teacher, growing increasingly excited with each new scientific fact they discovered. Oscar was particularly fascinated to learn about reflected light and how we see certain colors. A red object, for example, absorbs every color of the rainbow, but reflects only red light to our eyes.

 “So,” Oscar reported breathlessly to Dylan, “a red object is actually every color EXCEPT red — which is reflected! Isn’t that amazing? I just love science!” Things, he had come to realize, are not always what they seem.

 The campers also discussed ethics and the rules that would be best for the group as they experienced their week together. Whenever there was a disagreement, they stopped to consider what might be the right or wrong thing to do according to each situation. In this way, they learned to function together as a harmonious group.

 Through these discussions, Oscar learned that there is not always an obvious solution to a problem. Sometimes, as with the case of Christopher’s bad behavior, the answer might just be to let it go. Oscar realized that getting upset wasn’t going to change anything, and that the best way to resolve the situation without drama would be to walk away from it. He and Dylan stayed calm, and stopped reacting to Christopher’s insults. This seemed to work. Soon, Christopher lost interest in bothering the boys.

 The end of the week came far too quickly for Oscar. His memories of the camp were still fresh when, a few days after returning home, he received a postcard from Christopher.

Dear Oscar,

 I’m really sorry for the way I behave at camp. You and Dylan seemed to be having so much fun! I felt out, because I’m not very good at sports. Later, when you stopped paying attention to my bad behavior, I realized how silly I was being. I wanted to apologize then, but was too embarrassed. Are you going to the camp again next year? I’ll be there, and I hope we can be friends!

So long,
Christopher

 Yes, thought Oscar, when he had recovered from his surprise, with Christopher, he had been right to let it go. Putting down the postcard, he remembered something else he had learned at camp: Sometimes, things are not what they seem.


Complete the review by filling in 34 to 38.

Story Review 

Title: Oscar’s Camp Canyon Experience

Outline

Beginning Middle Ending
Oscar’s second time at CampCanyon started with him welcoming newcomers. ( 34 )→ ( 35 ) Oscar applied what he had learned at camp to find a solution to the problem.

 

Main characters
– Oscar was active and sociable.
– Christopher might have seemed unfriendly, but actually he was ( 36 ).

Your opinions
I don’t think Oscar really knew how to deal with the problem. All he did was ( 37 )
. He was lucky Christopher’s behavior didn’t get worse.

This story would most likely appeal to …
Readers who want to ( 38 ).

 

問1 ⒜ ( 34 )

①All the camp participants quickly became good friends.

②Most campers stopped enjoying the fun activities.

③One of the campers surprisingly changed his attitude.

④The camp counselor managed to solve a serious problem.

問1 ⒝ ( 35 )

①Christopher continued to behave very badly.

②Dylan could understand how light is reflected.

③Oscar played a leading role in group discussions.

④The counselor reconsidered her viewpoint.

問2 ( 36 )

①just unhappy because he was unable to take part in all the activities

②probably nervous as he was staying away from home for the first time

③smarter than most campers since he tried to hide his honest opinions

④thoughtful enough to have brought games to share with his friends

問3 ( 37 )

①avoid a difficult situation

②discuss ethics and rules

③embarrass the others

④try to be even friendlier

問4 ( 38 )

①get detailed information about summer outdoor activities

②read a moving story about kids’ success in various sports

③remember their own childhood experiences with friends

④understand the relationship between children and adults

 

 

2. 大学入試共通テスト 試行テスト H29年実施 第6問解答と正解率

問題番号 設問 解答番号 正解 正答率
第6問 1(a) 34 3 24.5%(*2)
1(b) 35 1
2 36 1 32.8%
3 37 1 29.6%
4 38 3 50.1%

*2は、全部正しくマークしている場合のみ正解とする。

H29年の試行テストは配点が公表されていません。

3. 大学入試共通テスト 試行テスト H29年実施 第6問 ー 解答、解説

こんな長い文はセンター英語では見たことがありません。

しげT

6 問1(a) の解答、解説

Outline

Beginning Middle Ending
Oscar’s second time at CampCanyon started with him welcoming newcomers. ( 34 )→ ( 35 ) Oscar applied what he had learned at camp to find a solution to the problem.

問1はこの話の中盤に起きた事を選ぶ問題。

 

問1 ⒜ ( 34 )

①All the camp participants quickly became good friends.

キャンプ参加者全員がすぐに仲の良い友達になった。

②Most campers stopped enjoying the fun activities.

ほとんどのキャンプ参加者は楽しい活動を楽しむのをやめた。

③One of the campers surprisingly changed his attitude.

キャンプ参加者の一人が突然態度を変えた。

④The camp counselor managed to solve a serious problem.

キャンプカウンセラーはなんとかして深刻な問題を解決した。

 

正答の根拠が書かれているのは第四段落。

 One of the other campers was a boy named Christopher. Initially, Christopher seemed like a well-behaved, fun-loving boy. Oscar couldn’t wait to get to know him. However, it wasn’t long before Christopher’s behavior started to change. He didn’t bother to make his bed. He left games and other belongings lying around on the floor. He was inconsiderate and self-centered. And he was mean, as Oscar and Dylan soon found out.

クリストファーと名前のキャンプ参加者が登場する。Initially「最初は」とHowever「しかしながら」の流れに注目。

最初は行儀が良くて楽しい事が好きなような少年に見えた。しかしながらすぐに彼の行動は変わり始めます。 

そのすぐ後に続きベッドメイクをしない、荷物を床の上に置き放しというのもありますが、わかりやすいのは彼の性格を表す、incosiderate「思いやりのない」self-centered「自己中心的な」 mean「意地悪な」といった単語。

③が正解でキャンプ参加者の1人というのはクリストファーのこと。

①全ての参加者がすぐに仲良くなったという記述はなし。 

②記述なし

④のカウンセラーは第七段落の初めに出てくる。 

Oscar consulted the camp counselor about their problems with Christopher. She gave Christopher a strong warning, but, if anything, his behavior got worse.

オスカーはキャンプカウンセラーにクリストファーの問題を相談し、彼女はクリストファーに強い警告を与えたが、どちらかと言えば彼の行動はよりひどくなった。

とあるので不正解。

6 問1 (b) の解答、解説

問1 ⒝ ( 35 )

①Christopher continued to behave very badly. クリストファーはとてもひどく振る舞い続けた。

②Dylan could understand how light is reflected. ディランは光がどのように反射されるのかを理解できた。

③Oscar played a leading role in group discussions. オスカーはグループ討論で主導的な役割を果たした。

④The counselor reconsidered her viewpoint. カウンセラーは自分の見方を再検討した。

 

今見てきた問1(a) からもクリストファーは振る舞いが悪くて、カウンセラーが警告しても振る舞いが悪いままだったので①が正解。

クリストファーの悪い振る舞いに関しては第六段落にも記述があります。

②光を反射を理解できたのはオスカーなので不正解。

③、④は記述なし。

 

 

6 問2の解答、解説

– Christopher might have seemed unfriendly, but actually he was ( 36 ).

クリストファーは愛想が悪く見えたかもしれないが、実際のところ彼は( 36 )だった。

問2 ( 36 )

①just unhappy because he was unable to take part in all the activities

彼はすべての活動に参加できなかったのでただ悲しかった。

②probably nervous as he was staying away from home for the first time

彼は家から離れて滞在したのが初めてだったのでおそらく緊張していた。

③smarter than most campers since he tried to hide his honest opinions

彼は自分の正直な意見を隠そうとしたので、ほとんどのキャンプ参加者より賢かった。

④thoughtful enough to have brought games to share with his friends

友達と共有するためにゲームを持ってきたほど思いやりがあった。

 

①クリストファーの本当の気持ちはオスカーに送られた葉書に書かれています。

Dear Oscar,

 I’m really sorry for the way I behave at camp. You and Dylan seemed to be having so much fun! I felt out, because I’m not very good at sports. Later, when you stopped paying attention to my bad behavior, I realized how silly I was being. I wanted to apologize then, but was too embarrassed. Are you going to the camp again next year? I’ll be there, and I hope we can be friends!

So long,
Christopher

「スポーツがあまり得意ではないので、取り残されていると感じていた。」とある。ただall the activities「全ての活動」とは書かれていないので保留します。

②は記述なし。

③、④も記述なし。クリストファーに対してsmart「賢い」や thoughtful「思いやりがある」といった肯定的な評価は本文中にまるで見られない。

よって消去法で①が正解になります。

解いている時にも消去法で正解は①しかないと思ったのですが、 all the activities に確信が持てずに時間を使ってしまいました。あまり良い問題ではないと思います。

しげT

 

 

6 問3の解答、解説

Your opinions

I don’t think Oscar really knew how to deal with the problem. All he did was ( 37 )
. He was lucky Christopher’s behavior didn’t get worse.

あなたの意見

オスカーは問題の対処法を知らなかったと思う。彼がしたのは( 37 )だけだった。クリストファーの振る舞いが悪くならなかったので彼は幸運だった。 

問3 ( 37 )

①avoid a difficult situation 困難な状況を避けた

②discuss ethics and rules 倫理と規則について話し合った

③embarrass the others 他人を困らせた

④try to be even friendlier もっと友好的であろうとした

 

本文には”let it go” と表現が3回も出てきます。「アナと雪の女王」の歌詞でも出てきますが、「放っておく、何もしない」といった意味です。

第一段落

And Oscar learned an important lesson: Sometimes, when faced with a difficult situation, it’s best just to let it go.

オスカーは重要な教訓を学んだ。困難な状況に直面した時は何もしない方が最善のことがある。

第十一段落

Through these discussions, Oscar learned that there is not always an obvious solution to a problem. Sometimes, as with the case of Christopher’s bad behavior, the answer might just be to let it go.

これらの議論を通してオスカーは問題にはいつも明確な解決策があるとは限らないことを学んだ。時にはクリストファーの悪い行い場合のように、答えはただ何もしないことかもしれない。

第十三段落

Yes, thought Oscar, when he had recovered from his surprise, with Christopher, he had been right to let it go. Putting down the postcard, he remembered something else he had learned at camp: Sometimes, things are not what they seem.

オスカーが驚きから回復した時、彼はクリストファーの件に関しては何もしないのが正解だったかもしれないと思った。

結局オスカーはクリストファーの件に関しては何もしなかったので、①の「困難な状況を避けた」が正解。

②の「倫理と規則について話し合った」のは第10段落に表現があるがキャンプの参加者たち。内容もクリストファーの件ではない。

③、④は記述なし。

6 問4の解答、解説

This story would most likely appeal to …Readers who want to ( 38 ).

この話は( 38 )を望んでいる読者に最も訴えるだろう。

問4 ( 38 )

①get detailed information about summer outdoor activities

夏の野外活動についての詳細な情報を入手すること

②read a moving story about kids’ success in various sports

様々なスポーツにおける子供の成功についての感動的な話を読むこと

③remember their own childhood experiences with friends

自分自身の子ども時代の友達との経験を思い出すこと

④understand the relationship between children and adults

子供と大人の関係を理解すること

 

①野外活動に関する詳細な情報はないので不正解。

②子供の成功についての感動的な話はないので不正解。

③この話を読んで子供の頃の友達との経験を思い出す可能性はあるのでこれが正解。

④子供と大人の関係の話は少ししか触れられていないので不正解。

これが答えだ!と確信が持てる感じはないですね。消去法を使いつつ近いものを選ぶ感じです。

しげT

 

 

 

この記事を書いている人 - WRITER -
アバター
Z会の教室で15年英語講師をしていた重田真人です。
中1から高3の基礎クラスから東大クラスまでほとんどのクラスを担当しました。映像授業にも多数出演しています。
元東海大非常勤講師。
「大学入試英語解く得!」は最高PV数 34,212 / 日まで成長。
質・量ともに日本一分かりやすい大学入試英語対策ページを目指します!
資格:英検一級、通訳案内士(英語)、TOEIC950点
趣味:海外旅行、食べ歩き
特技:将棋アマ六段 (全国レーティング選手権優勝 1998)
詳しいプロフィールはこちら







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