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2020年度 センター英語 第5問 物語文 問題&解説

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Z会の教室で15年英語講師をしていた重田真人です。
中1から高3の基礎クラスから東大クラスまでほとんどのクラスを担当しました。映像授業にも多数出演しています。
元東海大非常勤講師。
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資格:英検一級、通訳案内士(英語)、TOEIC950点
趣味:海外旅行、食べ歩き
特技:将棋アマ六段 (全国レーティング選手権優勝 1998)
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1. 2020年度 センター英語 第5問 問題

次の文章を読み,下の問い(問1〜5)の( 41 )〜( 45 )に入れるのに最も適当なものを、それぞれ下の①〜④のうちから一つずつ選べ。

 A couple of weeks ago, I was hiking with my dog on a mountain when something unexpected happened and I lost sight of him. I looked and looked but couldn’t find him. He had been with me for so long that it was like I was missing part of my soul.

 Ever since that day, I had a strange feeling. It was beyond sadness – a feeling that I didn’t quite understand, as if something were pulling me to go back to the mountain. So every chance I got, I grabbed my backpack to see if the mountain could offer me some sense of relief.

 One sunny morning, I stood at the foot of the mountain. Something felt different this day. “Please forgive me,” I said out loud. “I’ll find you!” I took a deep breath and began my journey with this mysterious pull growing stronger. After making my way along paths I thought I knew well, I realized I was somehow in an unfamiliar place. I panicked a little, lost my footing, and slipped. From out of nowhere, an elderly man came running towards me and helped me up.

 Looking at his gentle, smiling face, I felt a sense of ease. The old man said he was looking for a way to the top of the mountain, so we decided to climb together.

 Soon the path began to feel familiar again. We talked about many things, including my dog. I told him that he was a German shepherd. When he was younger, he served briefly as a police dog but had to stop due to an injury. The man let out a laugh saying he had been a police officer for a short time, but he quit. He didn’t say why. Later, he spent a long time as a bodyguard. He also had German roots. We laughed at these similarities.

 Before we knew it, we reached a large open area and took a break. I told the man what had happened to my dog. “He had a tiny bell on his collar to scare away bears. We came to this very spot and saw a bear. It was looking back at us. I should have held my dog because, sensing danger, he chased after the bear. I couldn’t find him after that. I should have been more careful.”

 As I was telling the story, the man’s expression changed. “It wasn’t your fault. Your dog just wanted to keep you safe,” he said. “I’m sure Tomo would want to tell you this. Also, thank you for not giving up.” Tomo is my dog’s name. Did I tell him this? The old man’s comment rang in the air.

 Before I could ask anything, the man proposed we hurry to get to the top of the mountain. I was planning to do this with my dog a few weeks ago. After two more hours of hiking, we reached the peak. I set down my backpack and we sat taking in the magnificent view. The old man looked at me and said, “Mountains offer truly magical experiences.”

 I looked around for a place to rest. I guess I was pretty tired, because I fell asleep right away. When I woke up, I noticed that the old man had disappeared. I waited, but he never returned.

 Suddenly, in the sunlight, something caught my eye. I walked over and saw a small metal tag beside my backpack. It was the same silver name tag that my parents originally gave to my dog. Tomo it said.

 It was then that I heard a familiar noise behind me. It was the ringing of a tiny bell. I turned around. What I saw caused so many emotions to rush over me.

 After a while on the mountaintop, I attached the name tag to my old friend and carefully made my way home with the mountain’s gift beside me. My soul felt very much complete.

問1 The author kept returning to the mountain because ( 41 ).

①she felt an urge she couldn’t explain

②she planned to meet the elderly man

③she thought she could practice magic

④she wanted to find out about the bear

問2 Which of the following happened first on the author’s most recent trip? ( 42 )

①She arrived at a large open area.

②She climbed to the mountaintop.

③She saw a bear running away.

④She was assisted by an old man.

問3 What similarity between the author’s dog and the old man was talked about? ( 43 )

①They experienced workplace injuries.

②They recently lost close family friends.

③They were acquaintances of the author.

④They worked to help protect the public.

問4 Which of the following is closest to the meaning of the underlined phrase rang in the air as used in the text? ( 44 )

①brought happiness ②left an impression ③made a loud noise ④seemed offensive

問5 How did the author’s feelings change over the course of the last hiking experience? ( 45 )

①She was depressed and then became sadder.

②She was determined and then became comforted.

③She was hopeful but then became homesick.

④She was miserable but then became entertained.

 

 

 2. 2020年度 センター英語 第5問 物語 解説

問題を解くのは問題ないですが、良く読むと結構謎な文章ですね。最後は無理やりハッピーエンドにした感じも。

2-1 第5問 問1 (41) の解説

問1 The author kept returning to the mountain because ( 41 ).

( 41 )ので、筆者は継続して山に戻った。

①she felt an urge she couldn’t explain 彼女は説明できない衝動を感じた

②she planned to meet the elderly man 彼女はその老人に会うことを計画していた

③she thought she could practice magic 彼女は魔法を練習できると思った

④she wanted to find out about the bear 彼女はその熊を見つけ出したかった

第一段落は数週間前に飼い犬と山へハイキングを行った際に、犬を見失い衝撃を受けた事が書かれている。

本問の該当箇所は第二段落。

 Ever since that day, I had a strange feeling. It was beyond sadness – a feeling that I didn’t quite understand, as if something were pulling me to go back to the mountain. So every chance I got, I grabbed my backpack to see if the mountain could offer me some sense of relief.

それ(飼い犬を見失って)以来、自分には奇妙な感情があった。それは悲しみを超えたもの、全く理解できない感情で、まるで何かが自分が山に行くように引っ張るのである。

この部分が「説明できない衝動」と言えるので①が正解。

2-2 第5問 問2 (42) の解説

問2 Which of the following happened first on the author’s most recent trip? ( 42 )

筆者の最も最近の旅で最初に起こったのは次のうちどれか。

①She arrived at a large open area. 彼女は大きな空き地に到着した。

②She climbed to the mountaintop. 彼女は山頂へ登った。

③She saw a bear running away. 彼女はクマが逃げているのを見た。

④She was assisted by an old man. 彼女は老人に助けられた。

最も最近の旅とあると少し考えてしまうが、本文では今回の旅と犬を見失った旅の2つにしか言及がないので、今回の旅の話と考えれば良い。

該当箇所は第三段落の後半部分。

 One sunny morning, I stood at the foot of the mountain. Something felt different this day. “Please forgive me,” I said out loud. “I’ll find you!” I took a deep breath and began my journey with this mysterious pull growing stronger. After making my way along paths I thought I knew well, I realized I was somehow in an unfamiliar place. I panicked a little, lost my footing, and slipped. From out of nowhere, an elderly man came running towards me and helped me up.

気がつくと知らない場所にて足場を失い滑り落ちた筆者。老人がどこからともなく自分の方に走ってきて、自分を助けてくれた。

とあるので④が正解。

②は最初に起きた事ではなく、この後に起きた事。

③は犬を見失ったかつての旅での話。

 

 

2-3 第5問 問3 (43) の解説

問3 What similarity between the author’s dog and the old man was talked about? ( 43 )

筆者の犬と老人の類似点は何か?

①They experienced workplace injuries.  彼らは職場での負傷を経験した。

②They recently lost close family friends. 彼らは最近、親密な家族付き合いのある友人を失った。

③They were acquaintances of the author. 彼らは筆者の知り合いだった。

④They worked to help protect the public. 彼らは、一般大衆を守るために働いた。

 Soon the path began to feel familiar again. We talked about many things, including my dog. I told him that he was a German shepherd. When he was younger, he served briefly as a police dog but had to stop due to an injury. The man let out a laugh saying he had been a police officer for a short time, but he quit. He didn’t say why. Later, he spent a long time as a bodyguard. He also had German roots. We laughed at these similarities.

第五段落の最後にthese similarities という単語があるので、説明しているいるのはこの段落。

私の犬 : ジャーマンシェパード、警察犬をしていた、怪我のために警察犬をやめた

老人 :  警官をしていた(辞めた理由は言わなかった) ボディガードをしていた、ドイツ人のルーツがある

共通点はドイツのルーツを持つことと、警察に勤めていたこと。

選択肢の中で該当するのは④の「彼らは、一般大衆を守るために働いた」

①は負傷を経験した事がわかるのは私の犬のみなので不正解。

③は老人と出会ったのはこの時なので不正解。

 

 

2-4 第5問 問4 (44) の解説 

定番の語句の意味類推問題です。ring in the airは「空中で鳴り響く」は聞き慣れない表現で実際に決まり文句でもないようですが、雰囲気で解けてしまう問題です。

問4 Which of the following is closest to the meaning of the underlined phrase rang in the air as used in the text? ( 44 )

本文で使用されている下線部の語句rang in the airの意味に最も近いものは次のうちどれか。

①brought happiness 幸せをもたらした

②left an impression 印象を残した

③made a loud noise 大きな音を立てた

④seemed offensive 無礼に思えた

該当段落を見てみます。

As I was telling the story, the man’s expression changed. “It wasn’t your fault. Your dog just wanted to keep you safe,” he said. “I’m sure Tomo would want to tell you this. Also, thank you for not giving up.” Tomo is my dog’s name. Did I tell him this? The old man’s comment rang in the air.

後悔する筆者に老人は「君のせいじゃない。君の犬は君を安全にしたかっただけなんだ。トモはこの事を君に伝えたいと確信している。」

このトモというのは彼女の犬の名前で、「彼にこの事言ったっけ? その老人のコメントが空中に鳴り響いた」と続く。

もちろん、老人のコメントが空中に鳴り響くことはなくこれは比喩で、それくらい頭に印象に残ったということ。②が正解。

ちなみにimpressionは「印象」と訳すのが一般的ですが、実際には「心に残る印象」の事です。

 

 

2-5 第5問 問5 (45) の解説  

これもなんとなくで解けてしまう問題です。ハッピーエンドで終わるのはセンター物語の鉄板パターンですね。

問5 How did the author’s feelings change over the course of the last hiking experience? ( 45 )

最終場面のハイキング体験の中で、筆者の気持ちはどのように変わったか。

①She was depressed and then became sadder.

彼女は落ち込んでいて、その後はより悲しくなった。

②She was determined and then became comforted.

彼女は決心をしていて、その後は心が落ち着いた。

③She was hopeful but then became homesick.

彼女は希望に満ちていたが、その後ホームシックになった。

④She was miserable but then became entertained.

彼女はみじめだったが、その後楽しくなった。

1番分かりやすいのは最終文。

My soul felt very much complete.

「私の魂は完全に満たされた」の言い換えが became comforted 。

determiend「決心して」は第二段落の最後のあたり。

So every chance I got, I grabbed my backpack to see if the mountain could offer me some sense of relief.

「機会がある度に山が何か私に安心感を与えてくれるかどうかを確かめるためにバックパックを手に取った」

が彼女の断固たる決意を感じさせる。

したがって②が正解

④は大きな不正解ではないが、②の方が本文の内容に近い。

彼女の犬は彼女を助けるために亡くなり、その後老人に生まれ変わったのかと思いきや、最後に犬が復活。正直よう分からん話です。(笑)

しげT

 

 

この記事を書いている人 - WRITER -
アバター
Z会の教室で15年英語講師をしていた重田真人です。
中1から高3の基礎クラスから東大クラスまでほとんどのクラスを担当しました。映像授業にも多数出演しています。
元東海大非常勤講師。
「センター英語解く得!」は最高PV数 34,212 / 日まで成長。
質・量ともに日本一分かりやすいセンター英語対策ページを目指します!
資格:英検一級、通訳案内士(英語)、TOEIC950点
趣味:海外旅行、食べ歩き
特技:将棋アマ六段 (全国レーティング選手権優勝 1998)
詳しいプロフィールはこちら







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