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共通テスト英語2021(令和3) 問5問題&詳細解説

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予備校英語講師歴20年重田真人です。
現在は飯田塾講師。
大手予備校で中1から高3の基礎クラスから東大クラスまでほとんどのクラスを担当しました。映像授業にも多数出演経験あり。
元東海大非常勤講師。
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資格:英検一級、通訳案内士(英語)、TOEIC950点
趣味:海外旅行、食べ歩き
特技:将棋アマ六段 (全国レーティング選手権優勝 1998)
元技術翻訳者、元富士通
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英語共テ2021(令和3) 第5問 問題

 Using an international news report, you are going to take part in an English oral presentation contest. Read the following news story from France in preparation for your talk.

 Five years ago, Mrs. Sabine Rouas lost her horse. She had spent 20 years with the horse before he died of old age. At that time, she felt that she could never own another horse. Out of loneliness, she spent hours watching cows on a nearby milk farm. Then, one day, she asked the farmer if she could help look after them.
 The farmer agreed, and Sabine started work. She quickly developed a friendship with one of the cows. As the cow was pregnant, she spent more time with it than with the others. After the cow’s baby was born, the baby started following Sabine around.   Unfortunately, the farmer wasn’t interested in keeping a bull ― a male cow ― on a milk farm. The farmer planned to sell the baby bull, which he called Three-oh-nine (309), to a meat market. Sabine decided she wasn’t going to let that happen, so she asked the farmer if she could buy him and his mother. The farmer agreed, and she bought them. Sabine then started taking 309 for walks to town. About nine months later, when at last she had permission to move the animals, they moved to Sabine’s farm.
 Soon after, Sabine was offered a pony. At first, she wasn’t sure if she wanted to have him, but the memory of her horse was no longer painful, so she accepted the pony and named him Leon. She then decided to return to her old hobby and started training him for show jumping. Three-oh-nine, who she had renamed Aston, spent most of his time with Leon, and the two became really close friends. However, Sabine had not expected Aston to pay close attention to her training routine with Leon, nor had she expected Aston to pick up some tricks. The young bull quickly mastered walking, galloping, stopping, going backwards, and turning around on command. He responded to Sabine’s voice just like a horse. And despite weighing 1,300 kg, it took him just 18 months to learn how to leap over one-meter-high horse jumps with Sabine on his back. Aston might never have learned those things without having watched Leon. Moreover, Aston understood distance and could adjust his steps before a jump. He also noticed his faults and corrected them without any help from Sabine. That’s something only the very best Olympic-standard horses can do.
 Now Sabine and Aston go to weekend fairs and horse shows around Europe to show off his skills. Sabine says, “We get a good reaction. Mostly, people are really surprised, and at first, they can be a bit scared because he’s big ― much bigger than a horse. Most people don’t like to get too close to bulls with horns. But once they see his real nature, and see him performing, they often say, ‘Oh he’s really quite beautiful.’ ”
 “Look!” And Sabine shows a photo of Aston on her smartphone. She then continues, “When Aston was very young, I used to take him out for walks on a lead, like a dog, so that he would get used to humans. Maybe that’s why he doesn’t mind people. Because he is so calm, children, in particular, really like watching him and getting a chance to be close to him.”
 Over the last few years, news of the massive show-jumping bull has spread rapidly; now, Aston is a major attraction with a growing number of online followers. Aston and Sabine sometimes need to travel 200 or 300 kilometers away from home, which means they have to stay overnight. Aston has to sleep in a horse box, which isn’t really big enough for him.
 “He doesn’t like it. I have to sleep with him in the box,” says Sabine. “But you know, when he wakes up and changes position, he is very careful not to crush me. He really is very gentle. He sometimes gets lonely, and he doesn’t like being away from Leon for too long; but other than that, he’s very happy.”

問1 Which is the best title for your presentation? ( 30 )

①Animal-lover Saves the Life of a Pony
②Aston’s Summer Show-jumping Tour
③Meet Aston, the Bull who Behaves Like a Horse
④The Relationship Between a Farmer and a Cow

問2 Which is the best combination for the Who’s Who? slide? ( 31 )

  Main figures Minor figures
309, Aston, the farmer Sabine, the pony
Aston, Aston’s mother, Sabine 309, the farmer
Aston, Leon, the farmer Aston’s mother, Sabine
Aston, Sabine, the pony Aston’s mother, the farmer

問3 Choose the four events in the order they happened to complete the Pre-fame Storyline slide. ( 32 ) ~ ( 35 )
①Aston learns to jump.
②Sabine and Aston travel hundreds of kilometers together.
③Sabine buys 309 and his mother.
④Sabine goes to work on her neighbor’s farm.
⑤Sabine takes 309 for walks.

問4 Choose the two best items for the Aston’s Abilities slide. (The order does not matter.) ( 36 )・( 37 )

①correct his mistakes by himself
②jump side-by-side with the pony
③jump with a rider on his back
④pick up tricks faster than a horse
⑤ pose for photographs

問5 Complete the Aston Now slide with the most appropriate item. ( 38 )

①has an increasing number of fans
②has made Sabine very wealthy
③is so famous that he no longer frightens people
④spends most nights of the year in a horse trailer

 

 

英語共テ2021(令和3) 第5問 解答

スライドを完成させる形式になっています。

スライド内の空欄30は問1、31は問2、32~35が問3、36・37が問4、38が問5に対応しています。

第5問 問1 解答

問1 Which is the best title for your presentation? ( 30 ) あなたのプレゼンテーションに最も適するタイトルはどれか。

①Animal-lover Saves the Life of a Pony 動物愛好家が子馬の命を救う
②Aston’s Summer Show-jumping Tour Astonの夏の障害飛越ツアー
③Meet Aston, the Bull who Behaves Like a Horse 馬のように振る舞う雄牛Astonに出会う
④The Relationship Between a Farmer and a Cow とある農夫と牛の関係

本文はbull「雄牛」が「馬」のように障害競技を行うというのがメインですね。

立派な角を持つ雄牛のイラストもヒントになりますね

しげT

第5問 問2 解答

問2 Which is the best combination for the Who’s Who? slide? ( 31 )「Who’s Who?」のスライドに最も適する組み合わせはどれか。

  Main figures Minor figures
309, Aston, the farmer Sabine, the pony
Aston, Aston’s mother, Sabine 309, the farmer
Aston, Leon, the farmer Aston’s mother, Sabine
Aston, Sabine, the pony Aston’s mother, the farmer

登場人物(動物)を主役と脇役に分ける問題。

1番の主役はもちろん馬のように芸を披露するAston、その飼主のSabineが続きます。主役にその2つを選んでいるのが④だけなのでこれが正解になります。

④のthe ponyはLeonの事ですね。①と②に出てくる309は=Astonなので両方が存在する①と②はその点からもおかしいと分かります。

第5問 問3 解答

問3 Choose the four events in the order they happened to complete the Pre-fame Storyline slide. ( 32 ) ~ ( 35 )

起こった順に4つの出来事を選び「名声を得る前のあらすじ」スライドを完成させなさい。

①Aston learns to jump.
②Sabine and Aston travel hundreds of kilometers together.
③Sabine buys 309 and his mother.
④Sabine goes to work on her neighbor’s farm.
⑤Sabine takes 309 for walks.

まず、選択肢が5つで空欄が4つなので1つ使わないものがある事に注意。

また最初にSabline’s horse dies.、最後にAston and Sabine start going to shows. とあるのでその間に起こった出来事を入れるようにします。

話の中に最初に登場するのは④Sabine goes to work on her neighbor’s farm.

本文第一段落から第二段落にかけて

Then, one day, she asked the farmer if she could help look after them.
 The farmer agreed, and Sabine started work.

ある日、彼女は農場主にそれら(牛)の世話を手伝えるかどうか尋ねた。農場主は同意しサビーヌは仕事を始めた。

とあります。ちなみにSabineの馬が亡くなったのは第一段落の最初に記述があります。

次に第二段落後半で2つ答えが分かります。

so she asked the farmer if she could buy him and his mother. The farmer agreed, and she bought them. Sabine then started taking 309 for walks to town.

だから彼女は農場主に雄牛とその母牛を買うことができるかどうか尋ねた。農場主は同意し彼女は牛を購入した。それからサビーヌは309を町へ散歩に連れていくようになった。

とあるので③と⑤が続きます。

次は第三段落の後半に

it took him just 18 months to learn how to leap over one-meter-high horse jumps with Sabine on his back.

サビーネを背中に乗せて高さ1メートルのホースジャンプを飛び越える方法を学ぶのにわずか18か月しかかからなかった。

とあり、Astonがジャンプを覚えた事が分かるので①が正解。

まとめると( 32 )④、( 33 )③、( 34 )⑤、( 35 )①です。

②の内容は第六段落にありますが、これがショーに出始めた後の話ですね。

しげT

 

 

第5問 問4 解答

問4 Choose the two best items for the Aston’s Abilities slide. (The order does not matter.) ( 36 )・( 37 ) Aston’s Ablitiesのスライドに最も適する2つの項目を選びなさい。(順番は関係なし)

①correct his mistakes by himself 自分で間違いを正す
②jump side-by-side with the pony 子馬と並んでジャンプする
③jump with a rider on his back 背中に乗馬者を乗せてジャンプする
④pick up tricks faster than a horse 馬よりも早く芸を身につける
⑤pose for photographs 写真のためにポーズをとる

Astonの能力については第三段落に書かれています。中盤からはほとんどAstonの能力の話ですね。

まず前問から③が正解だと分かります。

また第三段落の終わりから2文に

He also noticed his faults and corrected them without any help from Sabine.

彼は自分の欠点にも気づき、Sabineの助けなしにそれを修正した。

とあるので①を選びます。

第5問 問5 解答

問5 Complete the Aston Now slide with the most appropriate item. ( 38 ) Aston Nowのスライドを最も適切な項目によって完成させなさい。

①has an increasing number of fans ますます多くのファンがいる
②has made Sabine very wealthy Sabineをとても裕福にした
③is so famous that he no longer frightens people とても有名なので、人々はもはや彼を怖がらない
④spends most nights of the year in a horse trailer 1年の大半の夜を馬のトレーラーで過ごす

第六段落に解答の根拠があります。

now, Aston is a major attraction with a growing number of online followers.

現在、Astonはますます多くのオンラインフォロワーがいる主要な呼び物である。

とあるので①が正解になります。

②は記述なし。③は第四段落で怖がる人もいることが書かれているので不正解。④は第四段落で馬のトレーラーで過ごすのは時々なのでこれも不正解になります。

 

この記事を書いている人 - WRITER -
予備校英語講師歴20年重田真人です。
現在は飯田塾講師。
大手予備校で中1から高3の基礎クラスから東大クラスまでほとんどのクラスを担当しました。映像授業にも多数出演経験あり。
元東海大非常勤講師。
「大学入試英語解く得!」は最高PV数 34,212 / 日まで成長。
質・量ともに日本一分かりやすい大学入試英語対策ページを目指します!
資格:英検一級、通訳案内士(英語)、TOEIC950点
趣味:海外旅行、食べ歩き
特技:将棋アマ六段 (全国レーティング選手権優勝 1998)
元技術翻訳者、元富士通
詳しいプロフィールはこちら







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