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共通テスト英語2021(令和3) 第6問 問題A&詳細解説

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英語共テ2021(令和3) 第6問A 問題

A  You are working on a class project about safety in sports and found the following article. You are reading it and making a poster to present your findings to your classmates.

Making Ice Hockey Safer

  Ice hockey is a team sport enjoyed by a wide variety of people around the world. The object of the sport is to move a hard rubber disk called a “puck” into the other team’s net with a hockey stick. Two teams with six players on each team engage in this fast-paced sport on a hard and slippery ice rink. Players may reach a speed of 30 kilometers per hour sending the puck into the air. At this pace, both the players and the puck can be a cause of serious danger.

  The speed of the sport and the slippery surface of the ice rink make it easy for players to fall down or bump into each other resulting in a variety of injuries. In an attempt to protect players, equipment such as helmets, gloves, and pads for the shoulders, elbows, and legs, has been introduced over the years. Despite these efforts, ice hockey has a high rate of concussions.

  A concussion is an injury to the brain that affects the way it functions; it is caused by either direct or indirect impact to the head, face, neck, or elsewhere and can sometimes cause temporary loss of consciousness. In less serious cases, for a short time, players may be unable to walk straight or see clearly, or they may experience ringing in the ears. Some believe they just have a slight headache and do not realize they have injured their brains.

  In addition to not realizing the seriousness of the injury, players tend to worry about what their coach will think. In the past, coaches preferred tough players who played in spite of the pain. In other words, while it would seem logical for an injured player to stop playing after getting hurt, many did not. Recently, however, it has been found that concussions can have serious effects that last a lifetime. People with a history of concussion may have trouble concentrating or sleeping. Moreover, they may suffer from psychological problems such as depression and mood changes. In some cases, players may develop smell and taste disorders.

  The National Hockey League (NHL), consisting of teams in Canada and the United States, has been making stricter rules and guidelines to deal with concussions. For example, in 2001, the NHL introduced the wearing of visors ― pieces of clear plastic attached to the helmet that protect the face. At first, it was optional and many players chose not to wear them. Since 2013, however, it has been required. In addition, in 2004, the NHL began to give more severe penalties, such as suspensions and fines, to players who hit another player in the head deliberately.

  The NHL also introduced a concussion spotters system in 2015. In this system, NHL officials with access to live streaming and video replay watch for visible indications of concussion during each game. At first, two concussion spotters, who had no medical training, monitored the game in the arena. The following year, one to four concussion spotters with medical training were added. They monitored each game from the League’s head office in New York. If a spotter thinks that a player has suffered a concussion, the player is removed from the game and is taken to a “quiet room” for an examination by a medical doctor. The player is not allowed to return to the game until the doctor gives permission.

  The NHL has made much progress in making ice hockey a safer sport. As more is learned about the causes and effects of concussions, the NHL will surely take further measures to ensure player safety. Better safety might lead to an increase in the number of ice hockey players and fans.

問1  Choose the best option for ( 39 )  on your poster.

Aggressive behavior Difficulty thinking Personality changes Unclear vision

問2  Choose the best option for  ( 40 )  on your poster.

Loss of eyesight Memory problems Sleep disorders ④Unsteady walking

問3  Choose the best option for ( 41 ) on your poster.

allow players to return to the game
examine players who have a concussion
fine players who cause concussions
identify players showing signs of a concussion

問4  Choose the best option for ( 42 ) on your poster.

been expecting the players to become tougher
been implementing new rules and guidelines
given medical training to coaches
made wearing of visors optional

 

 

英語共テ2021(令和3) 第6問A 解答

以下のポスターはかなり丁寧にまとめてくれているので、これを読めばある程度読み飛ばし可能です。

最初のWhat is ice hockey?は第一段落のまとめ。

concussionの話は第二段落の終わりに初登場し、第三段落の初めに定義が書かれています。

問1のShort-term Effectsについては、第三段落、問2のLong-term Effects第四段落の後半に書かれています。

第6問A 問1 解答

問1  Choose the best option for ( 39 )  on your poster.

Aggressive behavior 攻撃的な行動
Difficulty thinking 考えることが困難に
Personality changes 人格の変化
Unclear vision 視界が不明瞭に

短期的な影響については既に表に3つ書かれているので該当箇所は見つけやすかったと思います。

A concussion is an injury to the brain that affects the way it functions; it is caused by either direct or indirect impact to the head, face, neck, or elsewhere and can sometimes cause temporary loss of consciousness. In less serious cases, for a short time, players may be unable to walk straight or see clearly, or they may experience ringing in the ears. Some believe they just have a slight headache and do not realize they have injured their brains.

青字の部分が既に表に書かれたもの。

players may be unable to walk straight or see clearly「選手ははっきりと見えなくなるかもしれない」を言い換えた④のUnclear visionが正解になります。

第6問A 問2 解答

問2  Choose the best option for  ( 40 )  on your poster.

Loss of eyesight 失明
Memory problems 記憶問題
Sleep disorders 睡眠障害
④Unsteady walking 不安定な歩行

第四段落後半。

Recently, however, it has been found that concussions can have serious effects that last a lifetime. People with a history of concussion may have trouble concentrating or sleeping. Moreover, they may suffer from psychological problems such as depression and mood changes. In some cases, players may develop smell and taste disorders.

concussions can have serious effects that last a lifetime.「脳震盪は生涯続く深刻な影響を与えるかもしれない」とあるので、長期的な影響について述べているのが分かります。

赤いsleepingの部分は

People with a history of concussion may have trouble sleeping.「脳震盪歴のある人は睡眠障害を持つかもしれない」と読めるので、③のSleep disordersが正解になります。

第6問A 問3 解答

問3  Choose the best option for ( 41 ) on your poster.

allow players to return to the game 選手が試合に戻ることを許可する
examine players who have a concussion 脳震盪を起こした選手を診察する
fine players who cause concussions 脳震盪を引き起こした選手に罰金を科す
identify players showing signs of a concussion 脳震盪の兆候を示している選手を特定する

脳震盪の解決策としてNHLが導入したものについては第六段落前半に記述があります。

The NHL also introduced a concussion spotters system in 2015. In this system, NHL officials with access to live streaming and video replay watch for visible indications of concussion during each game.

NHLは2015年に脳震盪spotter(監視員)制度を導入した。この制度においては、NHLの職員がライブストリーミングとビデオ再生を利用し、ゲーム中に脳震盪の目に見える兆候を監視する。

とあるので、④が正解になります。

①と②は第六段落後半に書かれていますが、医師の仕事です。

第6問A 問4 解答

問4  Choose the best option for ( 42 ) on your poster.

been expecting the players to become tougher 選手がより頑丈になることを期待している
been implementing new rules and guidelines 新しい規則や指針を導入している
given medical training to coaches 監督に医療的訓練を実施している
made wearing of visors optional バイザーの着用を任意にした

NHLが新しい規則や指針の導入しているとの記述が複数あるので②が正解になります。

具体的な該当箇所としては問3と関連しますが、第五段落冒頭で「NHLは2015年に脳震盪監視員制度を導入した」などわかりやすいでしょうか?

なお、④のバイザーの着用については第五段落に記述がありますが、当初は任意でしたが、2013年に必須になっています。

 

この記事を書いている人 - WRITER -
予備校英語講師歴20年重田真人です。
現在は飯田塾講師。
大手予備校で中1から高3の基礎クラスから東大クラスまでほとんどのクラスを担当しました。映像授業にも多数出演経験あり。
元東海大非常勤講師。
「大学入試英語解く得!」は最高PV数 34,212 / 日まで成長。
質・量ともに日本一分かりやすい大学入試英語対策ページを目指します!
資格:英検一級、通訳案内士(英語)、TOEIC950点
趣味:海外旅行、食べ歩き
特技:将棋アマ六段 (全国レーティング選手権優勝 1998)
元技術翻訳者、元富士通
詳しいプロフィールはこちら







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